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Basics of Investing: Things to Consider Before Proceeding

08 April 2024 13:35, UTC

Having complete knowledge of financial forecasting and market environment is required for successful investments. Every year, investors are facing new challenges in the wake of the worldwide market’s record highs and lows.

In fact, with the Fed’s expected new policies and fresh challenges for market players, it is more critical than ever for investors to have a firm grip on financial basics.

Establish Your Investment Goals

Defining your investment perspectives is imperative before you start investing. What are your investment goals? Do you want to see long-term growth or short-term profits? Is retirement planning a priority, or building wealth for future generations?

It is important to have clear objectives to help you make informed decisions about your investments. Your objectives will also guide you in determining the appropriate level of risk and investment timeline for your profile.

For instance, if you are saving for your retirement, you may want to consider tax-advantaged accounts such as an IRA or 401(k), as they could be the best options available to you.

Assess Your Risk Capacity

It’s essential to determine your risk tolerance if you want to be a successful investor. Risk sensitivity is the level of volatility and the likelihood of loss that you can handle in your investments, and it’s influenced by your income, investment timeline, and emotional response to market volatility.

Identify Your Investment Timeframe

Your investment horizon is the duration of time for which you intend to hold your investments. It can vary from a short-term plan (lasting less than 5 years) to a long-term plan (lasting over 10 years). With a longer investment horizon, you have more time to handle market fluctuations and earn better returns.

If you’re planning for retirement, your investment horizon could span 20 to 30 years. Conversely, if you aim to save for a new home in the next three years, your investment horizon will be relatively shorter.

Where to Invest?

The capital markets provide diverse investment possibilities, such as stocks, foreign exchange, and commodities such as gold and oil.

Investing in stocks means owning a portion of a company, which can yield significant profits but also involves greater levels of risk.

  • Growth stocks have strong potential for future growth, although they may not offer dividends to investors.

  • Dividend stocks offer investors a steady income stream by distributing a portion of the company’s profits.

  • Value stocks are considered undervalued based on their fundamental metrics and have the potential for long-lasting growth.

Bonds, conversely, represent loans extended to corporations or government entities and carry a predetermined interest rate. They exhibit lower volatility compared to stocks while providing relatively lower returns.

Commodities encompass physical assets such as metals, gas, or agricultural products, and their worth is influenced by the interplay of supply and demand. These investments can introduce diversification to a portfolio but also entail inherent risks.


It’s important to invest in assets and companies that you understand well. While it may be tempting to invest in popular or fashionable stocks, doing your own research and comprehending the basics of a company before investing can lead to success.