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Ethereum’s Shanghai Upgrade – So Far

source-logo  thecoinrepublic.com 08 June 2023 02:30, UTC

ETH, the Ethereum network, successfully completed its most recent major update, known as the Shanghai Upgrade. This significant upgrade introduces new capabilities for validators, particularly the ability to withdraw staked coins. With this change, the Ethereum network aims to improve liquidity, attract more users, and enhance the overall functionality of the platform. Let’s delve deeper into the key aspects and potential implications of the Shanghai upgrade.

Empowering Validators, Boosting Liquidity

The Shanghai Upgrade was a planned hard fork of the Ethereum protocol, accompanying the Capella Upgrade. While the Merge in September 2022 transitioned Ethereum to a proof-of-stake system, the Shanghai Upgrade is the first major update since then. This upgrade focuses on enabling validators to withdraw their staked ETH, which was previously unidirectional. Validators can now perform partial or full withdrawals, unlocking their principal deposit along with accumulated issuance rewards. This enhancement significantly improves liquidity for validators, offering them more control over their investments. It also fosters market liquidity by providing increased access to staked funds.

Expanding functionality and optimizing performance, the Shanghai upgrade incorporates several other Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIPs) that enhance the execution layer of the platform. These proposals include:

Warm Coinbase addresses: This proposal makes Coinbase addresses warm at the start of transaction execution, reducing costs for users who access Coinbase directly.

PUSH0 Instruction: The introduction of the PUSH0 instruction allows for pushing the constant value 0 onto the stack. This improvement streamlines instruction execution and enhances efficiency in certain scenarios.

Limit and meter init code: Building on EIP-170, this extension introduces explicit limits on the maximum size of the init code and ensures fair charging based on init code length. It simplifies the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) engines and provides a flexible cost system.

The implementation of these EIPs streamlines transaction execution, reduces costs, and enhances the overall performance of the Ethereum network, making it more attractive for developers and users alike.

Implications for ETH Holders and the Price of ETH

For ETH holders who have not staked their coins as validators on the Beacon Chain, the Shanghai Upgrade has limited direct impact. However, they may benefit from reduced transaction fees and improved accessibility to decentralized applications and digital asset transfers on the Ethereum network.

Regarding the price of ETH, the immediate aftermath of the Shanghai upgrade saw a price increase of over 6%, breaking the $2,000 mark. Some concerns have been raised about the potential effect of unlocking the staked ETH, which could flood the market with supply. However, the exit queue and the fact that many stakers may be trading at a loss if they withdraw immediately may mitigate any significant price decrease. Additionally, the continuous influx of new validators joining the network can balance out potential outflows. Overall, experts remain optimistic about the long-term future of ETH, with increased efficiency, reduced fees, and improved utilization expected to drive price appreciation and growth in the Ethereum ecosystem